Ancient Zapotecs survived by hunting jack rabbits and antelope in communal drives. Zapotecs armed with clubs and spears would drive the animals into box canyons and then club them to death. Meat was roasted over an open fire or cooked in an earth oven. In addition, the pods of the mesquite bush produced an edible syrup that was very desirable. Other foods consumed included prickly pear cactus, acorns, hackberries, wild cherries, pine nuts, wild onions, and agave. It took two to three days to cook the agave in earth ovens.