Headgear with ear muffs has been fashionable in and around Cuzco since ancient times. The Huari Culture, who were centered in the Peruvian highlands (500AD to 800AD) used ornate hats shaped like boxes. Ornate hats that looked similar to Shriners' hats (cone-like) were popular at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Flat headgear can also be traced back well before the Spaniards arrival. Surprisingly, flat-style hats are still popular in Cuzco.
In Paracas, Peru, archeologists have found exquisite alpaca wool embroidered hats, cloaks, tunics, mantles, and headgear in the shape of mythical monsters. Also, pre-Incans have been excavated garbed ornately in gold and gold piercings. They were made to look cat-like.
Today as in ancient times, clothing tells a lot about the basic Incan. The style of hats and clothing makes a statement about the persons origin and their customs and beliefs.